The Wuhan Coronavirus "Covid-19" outbreak is a public health emergency of international concern, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared, but WHO warned governments not to impose travel or trade restrictions on China.
World Stats (As at February 29, 2020)
😷 WHO declares Coronavirus a public health emergency
😷 WHO named it as "Covid-19"
😷 2923 deaths
😷 2308 suspected cases
😷 85,182 infected (Confirmed Positive +)
😷 8091 critical
😷 39,002 Recovered & Discharged
😷 Spread to 60 countries
😷 60 million under lockdowns in China
Deaths by countries
South Korea: 2
Hong Kong: 2
Diamond Princess ship: 2
Italy : 1
#CoronaOutbreak - Stat via internet / CGTN
Sri Lankan Stats (As at February 29, 2020)
😷 9 suspected (Pending results)
😷 IDH 5, Negombo 2, Gampaha 1, Ratnapura 1,
(2 Sri Lankans arrived from Italy admitted to IDH Hospital in Colombo with signs of fever & coughing)
😷 221 medical checkups done and results negative
😷 1 positive case (Recovered & Discharged February 19)
😷 14 hospitals standby
😷 Officials ask not to panic
😷 All 33 students arrived from Wuhan are healthy and left Diyathalawa.
#CoronaVirusLK #CoronaSL #CoronaLK #CoronaVirusSriLanka
An outbreak of pneumonia of unknown reason was first reported on 31st December 2019 from Wuhan City in Hubei Province of China. On 7th Jan 2020, it was diagnosed as “Novel Corona Virus”. On 30th Jan 2020, it was renamed as “2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease”. As of February 1, 2020, the Novel Coronavirus has been reported from 20 countries with over 9000 confirmed cases and 213 deaths. 82 confirmed cases outside China with no deaths. India has reported its first confirmed case from Kerala. The incubation period is reported as 2-14 days. R0 (Basic reproduction number) is estimated as 1.4 to 2.5.
Initially, the disease was reported to be spread from animal to human but now the human to human transmission has been observed. First confirmed case of Coronavirus infected person was reported from Sri Lanka on 27th January 2020. The patient was a Chinese national who came to Sri Lanka as a tourist. Still Sri Lanka has a single confirmed patient. She is admitted to the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID). As at today 16 other suspected individuals are under surveillance. Meanwhile 33 students studied in Wuhan to arrived to Sri Lanka and sent to Diyathalawa Army Camp.
12 hospitals around the country have been identified as the treatment centers for the suspected persons. (NIID, TH Ragama, DGH Gampaha, DGH Negombo, National Hospital Kandy, TH Karapitiya, TH Anuradhapura, TH Jaffna, TH Kurunegala, PGH Rathnapura, TH Batticoloa, PGH Badulla)
What is a coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are an extremely common cause of colds and other upper respiratory infections. These viruses are zoonoses, which means they can infect certain animals and spread from one animal to another. A coronavirus can potentially spread to humans, particularly if certain mutations in the virus occur.
Chinese health authorities reported a group of cases of viral pneumonia to the World Health Organization (WHO) in late December 2019. Many of the ill people had contact with a seafood and animal market in Wuhan, a large city in eastern China, though it has since become clear that the virus can spread from person to person.
What are the symptoms of this coronavirus?
The symptoms can include a cough, possibly with a fever and shortness of breath. There are some early reports of non-respiratory symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Many people recover within a few days. However, some people — especially the very young, elderly, or people who have a weakened immune system — may develop a more serious infection, such as bronchitis or pneumonia.
How is it treated?
Scientists are working hard to understand the virus, and Chinese health authorities have posted its full genome in international databases. Currently, there are no approved antivirals for this particular coronavirus, so treatment is supportive. For the sickest patients with this illness, specialized, aggressive care in an intensive care unit (ICU) can be lifesaving.
Should you worry about catching this virus?
Unless you’ve been in close contact with someone who has the coronavirus — which right now, typically means a traveler from Wuhan, China who actually has the virus — you’re likely to be safe. In the US, for example, only two cases of the virus have been confirmed so far, although this is likely to change.
While we don’t yet understand the particulars of how this virus spreads, coronaviruses usually spread through droplets containing large particles that typically can only be suspended in the air for three to six feet before dissipating. By contrast, measles or varicella (chickenpox) spread through smaller droplets over much greater distances. Some coronaviruses also have been found in the stool of certain individuals.
So it’s likely that coughs or sneezes from an infected person may spread the virus. It’s too early to say whether another route of transmission, fecal-oral contact, might also spread this particular virus.
Basic infectious disease principles are key to curbing the spread of this virus. Wash your hands regularly. Cover coughs and sneezes with your inner elbow. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands. Stay home from work or school if you have a fever. Stay away from people who have signs of a respiratory tract infection, such as runny nose, coughing, and sneezing.